Overview, Functions, and Types of Taxes in India

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Taxes are an important part of any country’s financial system, and India is no exception. They provide government revenue while enacting certain policies that promote economic stability. But how do they function in India? What types of taxes exist, and how do they work? We’ll answer these questions and explore how important these concepts are and how an online MBA degree can make you well-versed in this field.

Taxes in India: An Overview

  • Income Tax:

Income tax is imposed on individuals, firms, and companies. The income tax rate ranges from 5% to 30%.

  • Corporation Tax:

Corporation tax is levied on the profits of companies. The rates vary from 20% to 30%.

  • Wealth Tax:

Wealth tax is levied on individuals whose net worth exceeds 30,00,000 INR. The rate of wealth tax is 1%.

  • GST:

The goods and service tax levied on goods and services, replacing many different types of taxes. The range varies from 5 to 28 %.

The Different Types of Taxes in India

There are mainly two different types of taxes in India: direct taxes and indirect taxes.

1. Direct Taxes:

These are taxes levied on an individual or organisation by the government. Income tax, corporate tax, and capital gains tax are all examples of direct taxes in India.

2. Indirect Taxes:

These are taxes that are levied on the sale of goods and services. GST is the current major example of indirect tax as it has subsumed multiple indirect taxes such as Value Added Tax (VAT), OCTROI, Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT), excise tax and customs tax.

3. Cess:

Cess is a tax levied by the central government of India on the sale of certain goods and services. The amount of cess is typically very small and is usually used to finance specific projects or programs. For example, the education cess is used to fund primary and secondary education in India.

The Functions of Taxes in India

The main function of taxation is to raise revenue for the government. This revenue is used to fund public expenditures such as infrastructure, defence, education, and healthcare. Taxation also helps in redistributing income and wealth among different sections of society.

Indirect taxes are generally regressive in nature as they fall more heavily on the poor than the rich. However, exemptions and subsidies can be used to make them progressive. For example, progressive taxation helps reduce inequality by imposing higher tax rates on those with higher incomes.

Taxes also play an important role in discouraging certain activities that may harm society or the economy. For example, high tax rates on tobacco products help reduce their consumption.

Similarly, environmental taxes can be used to discourage activities that lead to environmental pollution. Finally, taxation can also be used as a tool to achieve macroeconomic objectives such as inflation control and fiscal consolidation. These functions make it a necessity to learn about taxes in online MBA programs, as it will affect many business decisions.

How Are Taxes Collected in India?

In India, taxes are collected by the Central Government through the Ministry of Finance, its agencies, and the State Governments. The major taxes collected in India include income tax, corporation tax and GST.

Online MBA Degree Programme- Dr. DY Patil University’s Centre For Online Learning (DPUCOL)

Designed for students who want to leave a mark in the corporate domain, the online MBA degree program is a comprehensive two-year degree offered by Dr. DY Patil University. While the first two semesters cover basics such as Managerial Economics and Principles and Practices of Management, the last two are dedicated to specialisations.

Students can capitalise on their chosen field with options ranging from Operations Management, Human Resources Management, IT Management, and more. In terms of taxes, students specialising in Human Resources Management will particularly learn all about the Indian taxation system in detail. Therefore, if you are aiming for a promising career in human resources, it is vital to know all about taxes, and this DY Patil Online MBA course is the perfect way to gain this knowledge. So don’t hesitate and enroll in this comprehensive online MBA degree today to give wings to your career dreams.


Taxation is an extremely important area in India, and it is necessary to understand the different types of taxes that are levied on a population. These taxes help the government fund its many initiatives and projects, creating a better future for its citizens. We hope this overview has given you a good understanding of India’s functions and types of taxation. To learn more about the industry trends, check out the Online MBA program from Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth (Pune).


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